What is Spinal Stenosis?

Thursday, May 10, 2018

Spinal stenosis is a medical term used to indicate the “narrowing of the spinal canal”, a common result from any number of underlying causes affecting the spinal cord. As the spinal canal constricts, it places pressure on the spinal cord and nerve roots of the spine, causing intense pain and suffering as often seen in many cases.

Narrowing of the spinal canal, or spinal stenosis, can be caused by many factors, but most commonly develops as a result of degenerating discs due to aging. In other cases, spinal stenosis can be a result of the spinal canal failing to provide stability and protection, diseases present at birth, spinal tumors, or even injury. While there are many factors leading to spinal stenosis, there are also numerous treatment options available to control the symptoms and pain.

If you believe you are suffering from spinal stenosis, or showing other signs of a painful spinal condition, please request an appointment through our contact page or call the main office of the NeuSpine Institute to schedule an appointment for evaluation at either our Wesley Chapel or Trinity location.  Our team of highly-skilled doctors and medical healthcare workers will work together to provide you with a comprehensive diagnosis and a customized treatment plan for your condition.


As stated above, there are many causes leading to spinal stenosis, including:

  • Aging, usually found in adults 50 years and older
  • Bulging or herniated discs
  • Bone Spurs
  • Compressed tendons and ligaments
  • Arthritis: Rheumatoid or osteoarthritis
  • Tumors, or irregular growths of soft tissue
  • Trauma or injury
  • Congenital, such as structural deformities present at birth
  • Obesity

Common Signs and Symptoms

Based on the cause and the exact location of the narrowing, signs of spinal stenosis can vary. Common symptoms include:

  • Discomfort while sitting or standing
  • Local pain in the lower back or shoulders
  • Pain or weakness in the thighs, buttocks, or below the knee
  • Numbness or tingling in the shoulders or legs
  • Muscle weakness
  • Limited mobility or loss of fine motor skills
  • In severe cases of spinal stenosis, loss of bladder or bowel functions


The NeuSpine Institute is home to state-of-the-art spinal diagnostic tools to assist our doctors and surgeons to determine the exact nature of your spinal condition, an important first step in developing your treatment plan. Usually the diagnosis process will include:

  • Detailed medical history with specific questions related to your symptoms, pain and lifestyle
  • Complete physical exam to pinpoint exact location of pain, tests for flexibility and muscle strength
  • Medical imaging such as an MRI, CT scan, X-rays or bone scans
  • Electro-diagnostic testing


Just as there are many causes leading to spinal stenosis, there are many treatment options. At the NeuSpine Institute we believe a conservative treatment plan is the best approach to control your symptoms and to bring about the pain relief you need. In most cases, spinal stenosis can be successfully treated non-surgically, with treatment options including:

  • Activity modification
  • Specific exercise plan, such as riding a stationary bike, walking or swimming
  • Physical therapy focusing on stretching or strength exercises
  • Medication to relieve pain and inflammation, such as acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or other prescribed medications
  • Lumbar epidural steroid or anesthetic injections
  • Weight loss

Depending on the cause and the severity of the narrowing of the spinal canal, in some cases, minimally-invasive surgery may be indicated in order to create the space necessary within the spinal canal to alleviate the pressure on the spinal cord and nerves. Your medical team at the NeuSpine Institute will discuss with you all non-surgical and surgical treatment options.

Spinal stenosis is a painful and debilitating condition adversely affecting the quality of your life. There are treatment options available to help you, and at the NeuSpine Institute, our dedicated medical team has successfully helped patients return to a pain free and normal lifestyle. Please contact the NeuSpine Institute to schedule your evaluation appointment at either our Wesley Chapel or Trinity location.